Presentation by Gary Goff at the Brooklyn Museum, as part of a “Perspectives Talk” in conjunction with its exhibit on War and Photography.
We usually think of violence as something that is abrupt and explosive-a bomb going off, a bullet finding its mark. The photos on exhibit here tend to reinforce this view. But there is another kind of violence that is increasing worldwide-the violence of climate change. Because it is incremental, it’s mostly invisible or at least not perceived as violence. But we need to reassess this view. Climate change is both violent and largely caused by human activity. It’s as violent as war. People’s homes and livelihoods are destroyed, their countries devastated, their lives taken. According to the UN there have been more than 4 million climate-related deaths since the 1970s.
As starling as that number is, the relationship between war and the environment is more than the high casualty rates they share. Environmental disasters cause wars and wars cause environmental disasters. Let me explain.
War destroys the environment-wrecking agriculture and infrastructure, killing and displacing millions of people, leaving a landscape of lethal chemicals, heavy metals, and radioactivity in its wake.
If we step back from the news items about war and environment that we see daily, we may be able to perceive a pattern here-a macabre cycle of cause and effect.
- Our national dependence on fossil fuels makes us intervene in countries that are rich in fossil fuels
- Which means we need a huge military
- Which is so dependent on fossil fuels that we have to intervene in other countries to keep it supplied
Even when not engaged in war, the military causes environmental damage. The burning of fossil fuels-coal, oil, natural gas-causes climate change and the US military is the biggest single user of fossil fuels in the world.
And environmental disasters set the stage for war. Climate change is causing droughts, wildfires, floods, famines, and storms like we’ve never seen before. Rising sea levels threaten island dwellers around the world. Huge numbers of people are forced to leave their homes. The International Red Cross says there are now more environmental refugees than political refugees. In 2090-the last year for which we have statistics-36 million people were driven from their homes by environmental destruction. You don’t have to be a sociologist to understand that this many environmental refugees exacerbates the conditions that lead to war.
Increasingly wars are being fought for access to, and control of, resources like oil, gas, water, and arable land.
Today we have heard about:
- The war abroad, in Asia, the Mideast, and elsewhere
- The war at home, attacks on communities of color, cutbacks in schools, hospitals, and infrastructure that Noam Chomsky calls “pure savagery.”
- And now, the war on the planet. Climate change is threatening the continued existence of human beings on this planet.
In Brooklyn For Peace, we say that you cannot stop any of these three wars unless you stop all of them. And we can only stop them if large numbers of people demand it and work for it. People like you.
Presented by Gary Goff at the Brooklyn Museum, as part of a “Perspectives Talk” in conjunction with its exhibit on War and Photography.
Climate Change and Health: Fact Sheet No 266, World Health Organization
US military’s use of fossil fuels.
Greenwashing the Pentagon, Joseph Nevins, Truthout, 13 June 2010
Climate Refugee, National Geographic Educational
Climate Refugees: The Human Toll of Global Warming, Teresita Perez, Center for American Progress, 7 December 2006
Climate Refugees in the 21st Century, Petra Durkova, Anna Gromilova, Barbara Kiss, Megi Plaku, Regional Academy on the United Nations, December 2012